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(As of January 1, 1996)

Controlled Substances Act Schedule*

First Offense

Second Offense

Quantity

Drug

Quantity

First
Offense

Second Offense

I and II

    10-99 gm pure or 100-999 gm mixture Metham-
phetamine
100 gm or more pure of 1 kg or more mixture    
      100-999 gm mixture Heroin 1 kg or more mixture    
  Not less than 5 years. Not more than 40 years Not less than 10 years. Not more than life. 500-4,999 gm mixture Cocaine 5 kg or more mixture Not less than 10 years. Not more than life. Not less than 20 years. Not more than life.
  If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years or more than life If death or serious injury, not less than life. 5-49 gm mixture Cocaine Base 50 gm or more mixture If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years or more than life If death or serious injury, not less than life
  Fine of not more than $2 million individual, $5 million other than individual Fine of not more than $4 million individual, $10 million other than individual 10-99 gm pure or 100-999 gm mixture PCP 100 gm or more pure or 1 kg or more mixture Fine of not more than $4 million individual, $10 million other than individual Fine of not more than $8 million individual, $20 million other than individual
      1-9 gm mixture LSD 10 gm or more mixture    
      40-399 gm mixture Fentanyl 400 gm or more mixture    
      10-99 gm mixture Fentanyl Analogue 100 gm or more mixture    

* The Controlled Substances Act (1970) places all substances regulated under federal law into one of five schedules based on the substance's medical use, potential for abuse, and safety or dependence liability.

Controlled Substances Act Schedule

Drug

Quantity

1st Offense

2nd Offense

I and II

Others (law does not include marijuana, hashish, or hash oil) Any
  • Not more than 20 years
  • If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, not more than life
  • Not more than 30 years
  • If death or serious injury, life
  • Fine $2 million individual, $10 million not individual

III

All (included in Schedule III are anabolic steroids, codeine and hydrocodone with aspirin or Tylenol, and some barbiturates) Any
  • Not more than 5 years
  • Fine not more than $250,000 individual, $1 million not individual
  • Not more than 10 years
  • Fine not more than $500,000 individual, $2 million not individual

IV

All (included in Schedule IV are Darvon, Talwin, Equanil, Valium, and Xanax) Any
  • Not more than three years
  • Fine not more than $250,000 individual, $1 million not individual
  • Not more than six years
  • Fine not more than $500,000 individual, $2 million not individual

V

All (over-the-counter cough medicines with codeine are classified in Schedule V) Any
  • Not more than one year
  • Fine not more than $100,000 individual, $250,000 not individual
  • Not more than two years
  • Fine not more than $200,000 individual, $500,000 not individual

Federal Penalties and Sanctions for Illegal Trafficking and Possession of a Controlled Substance - Marijuana
(Includes hashish and hashish oil) (as of January 1, 1996)

Description

Quantity

1st Offense

2nd Offense

Marijuana

1,000 kg or more mixture; or 1,000 or more plants
  • Not less than 10 years, not more than life
  • If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, not more than life
  • Fine not more than $4 million individual, $10 million other than individual
  • Not less than 20 years, not more than life
  • If death or serious injury, not more than life
  • Fine not more than $8 million individual, $20 million other than individual

Marijuana

100 kg to 999 kg mixture; or 100-999 plants
  • Not less than five years, not more than 40 years
  • If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, not more than life
  • Fine not more than $2 million individual, $5 million other than individual
  • Not less than 10 years, not more than life
  • If death or serious injury, not more than life
  • Fine not more than $4 million individual, $10 million other than individual

Marijuana

50 to 99 kg mixture
---------------
50 to 99 plants
  • Not more than 20 years
  • If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, not more than life
  • Fine $1 million individual, $5 million other than individual
  • Not more than 30 years
  • If death or serious injury, not more than life
  • Fine $2 million individual, $10 million other than individual

Marijuana

Less than 50 kg mixture
  • Not more than five years
  • Fine not more than $250,000, $1 million other than individual
  • Not more than 10 years
  • Fine $500,000 individual, $2 million other than individual

Hashish

10 kg or more

Hashish Oil

1 kg or more

21 U.S.C. 844(a)
First conviction: Up to one year imprisonment and fined at least $1,000 but not more than $100,000, or both.
After one prior drug conviction: At least 15 days in prison, not to exceed two years and fined at least $2,500 but not more then $250,000, or both.
After two or more prior drug convictions: At least 90 days in prison, not to exceed three years and fined at least $5,000 but not more than $250,000, or both, if:
(a) first conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds 5 grams.
(b) second crack conviction and the amount of crack possessed exceeds three grams.
(c) three or subsequent crack conviction and the amount of crack posessed exceeds one gram.

21 U.S.C. 853(a) and 881(a)(7)
Forfeiture of personal and real property used to possessor to facilitate possession of a controlled substance if that offense is punishable by more than one year imprisonment.

21 U.S.C. 881(a)(4)
Forfeiture of vehicles, boats, aircraft or any other conveyance used to transport or conceal a controlled substance.

21 U.S.C. 844a
Civil fine of up to $10,000 (pending adoption of final regulations).

21 U.S.C. 853a
Denial of Federal benefits, such as student loans, grants, contracts, and professional and commercial licenses, up to one year for first offense, up to five years for second and subsequent offenses.

18 U.S.C. 922(g)
Ineligible to receive or purchase a firearm.

Miscellaneous Revocation of certain Federal licenses and benefits, e.g., pilot licenses, public housing tenancy, etc., are vested within the authorities of individual Federal agencies.

Health Risks Associated with the Use of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol

Drugs

Physical Dependence

Psychological Dependence

Possible Effects

Effects of Overdose Withdrawal Syndrome

Narcotics

Heroin High High
  • Euphoria
  • Drowsiness
  • Respiratory Depression
  • Constricted pupils
  • Nausea
  • Slow /shallow breathing
  • Clammy Skin
  • Convulsions
  • Coma
  • Possible death
  • Yawning
  • Loss of appetite
  • Irritability
  • Tremors
  • Panic
  • Cramps
  • Nausea
  • Runny nose
  • Chills and sweating
  • Watery eyes
Morphine High High
Codeine Moderate Moderate
Hydrocodone High High
Hydromorphone High High
Oxycodone High High
Methadone and LAAM High High
Fentanyl and Analogs High High
Other Narcotics High-Low High-Low

Depressants

Chloral Hydrate Moderate Moderate
  • Slurred speech
  • Disorientation
  • Drunken behavior without odor of alcohol
  • Shallow respiration
  • Clammy Skin
  • Dilated pupils
  • Weak and rapid pulse
  • Coma
  • Possible death
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Tremors
  • Delirium
  • Convulsions
  • Possible death
Barbiturates High-Moderate High-Moderate
Benzodiazepines Low Low
Glutethimide High Moderate
Other Depressants Moderate Moderate

Stimulants

Cocaine Possible High
  • Increased alertness
  • Euphoria
  • Increased pulse rate and blood pressure
  • Excitation
  • Insomnia
  • Loss of appetite
  • Agitation
  • Increased body temperature
  • Hallucinations
  • convulsions
  • Possible death
  • Apathy
  • Long periods of sleep
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Disorientation
Amphetamine/

Methamphetamine

Possible High
Methylphenidate Possible High
Other Stimulants Possible High

Cannibis

Marijuana Unknown Moderate
  • Euphoria
  • Relaxed inhibitions
  • Increased appetite
  • Disorientation
  • Fatigue
  • Paranioa
  • Possible Psychosis
  • Occasional reports of insomnia
  • Hyperactivity
  • Decreased appetite
Tetrahydrocannabinol Unknown Moderate
Hashish and Hashish Oil Unknown Moderate

Hallucinogens

LSD None Unknown
  • Illusions and hallucinations
  • Altered perception of time and distance
  • Longer
  • More intense "trip" episodes
  • Psychosis
  • Possible death
  • Unknown
Mescaline and Peyote None Unknown
Amphetamine Variants Unknown Unknown
Phencyclidine and Analogs Unknown High
Other Hallucinogens None Unknown

Anabolic Steroids

Testosterone

(Cypionate, Enanthate)

Unknown Unknown
  • Virilization
  • Acne
  • Testicular atrophy
  • Gynecomastia
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Edema
  • Unknown
  • Possible depression
Nandrolone

(Decanoate,

Phenpropionate)

Unknown Unknown
Oxymetholone Unknown Unknown
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800-333-8506
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