South Dakota Literary Map

Introduction by Humanities Scholar, Dr. Kathy Antonen, SDSMT

Comments by Authors, Lesson Plans, Scholar Comments under construction


Author Index

Welcome to one view of South Dakota's literary heritage. Our first storytellers and singers of songs recorded their "literature" on hides, on rock walls and in the oral tradition of the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota people. Later, explorers, homesteaders, scholars and warriors-some visitors and some permanent residents-wrote their fiction, poems, plays, memoirs and opinion. Some wrote for children, some for adults. We invite teachers and their students, general readers and guests in our state to explore this heritage further through this website. Thanks to another South Dakota Humanities Council Minigrant, this web site is growing.

Visit us often. Send your comments and ideas to Donna Fisher

For information about purchase of full-color 23x35 inch map see More About the SD Literary Map and More About the Artist's Design

Words of Wind and Sky: Voices from South Dakota

Introductory Remarks for the South Dakota Literary Map

by Dr. Kathy Antonen, Associate Professor, Department of Humanities

South Dakota School of Mines and Technology

Native American writer Leslie Marmon Silko says it best--you know who you are by the stories you are told. You know you belong when the stories are about you." Nobel Prize novelist Toni Morrison agrees. She believes stories are a way of absorbing information. We need stories about South Dakota, stories that tell us who we are, stories that illustrate our rich cultures, our varied traditions, our colorful and, yes, sometimes painful history. When I think ofSouth Dakota literature, two issues arise: the importance of voice and the significance of place
The Importance of Voice
These South Dakota works are written by. rather than about us. The. prepositions are important. We need literary works "by" those who know and appreciate South Dakota. We know there is information "about "South Dakota, but sometimes the authors simplify or stereotype our lifestyle, calling us part of the ìoutbackî without experiencing our distinct cultures ,and individual experiences. Literary works "by" South Dakotans provide readers with authentic experiences in the voice of South Dakotans.
The Significance of Place
I encourage teachers to use these literary works in their classes because of the significance of place. Literature of South Dakota provides insights into the history of the land as well as the lives of the people. But, take note. Within this literature you will discover "hidden demographics," stories that provide a more complex sense of place. You will characters who embody varied perspectives and lifestyles. They allow us to look at each other with a knowledge that challenges stereotypes and encourages understanding.
This literature provides a place for us to reflect and learn. Good literature stays with us and stirs us. It makes a difference in our lives and contributes to our moral development. We recognize the people and places in this literature. These stories belong to us. They are about us. We the information and are the better for it.
Silko, Leslie Marmon. In "Feminist Studies in Literature and Language, 1993-1994." Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.
Morrison, Toni. Nobel Prize in Literature Acceptance Speech 1993
Edgerton, Susan Huddleston. (1992). .V2 Cultural Studies and the Multi-Cultural Curriculum Louisiana State University. Unpublished Dissertation
Kincheloe, Joe L. and William F. Pinar, Eds. (1991). Curriculum as Social Psychoanalysis: The Significance of Place Albany: State University of New York Press
Edgerton, Susan Huddleston. (1991). "Particularities of 'Otherness': Autobiography, Maya Angelou, and Me." Curriculum as Social Psychoanalysis: The Significance of Place
Joe L. Kincheloe and William F. Pinar, Eds. Albany: State University of New York Press, 77-97

More about the South Dakota Literary Map

The South Dakota Library Association, in partnership with SDCTE and SDHC, distributed the South Dakota Literary Map to every school, public, university and special library in South Dakota. The full-color 23x35 inch map may be purchased in museums and bookstores throughout the state or from South Dakota Council of Teachers of English, Dodi Bemis, Treasurer, 876 Hidden Valley, Watertown, SD 57201 for $10 plus $2.50 for postage and handling. The front of the map locates 55 authors and one or two titles of significant works near the region they wrote about. The back of the map contains biographical data and a partial annotated listing of titles for more than 150 authors.
The South Dakota Literary Map and this accompanying website were produced for the South Dakota Council of Teachers of English. This project is funded by a grant from the South Dakota Humanities Council, an affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities, and a gift from the Karl E. Mundt Foundation.

Project Directors/Researchers: Donna Fisher, Mitchell. High School & Sharon Olbertson, Beresford High School

Artist: Elk Eagle (Van St. John)

Humanities Scholar/Advisors:

Dr. Herbert Hoover-University of South Dakota

Dr. Arthur Huseboe-Center for Western Studies/Augustana College

Professor James McLaird-Dakota Wesleyan University

Dr. Mary O'Connor-South Dakota State University

Dr. Charles Woodard-South Dakota State University


Center for Western Studies and Augustana College

Dakota Wesleyan University

Beresford High School and Mitchell High School

Dr. Kathryn Antonen, SD School of Mines and Technology

Contributors: First National Bank, Brookings; Dacotah Bank of Aberdeen; Sioux Corporation of Beresford

Criteria for Developing the South Dakota Literary Map

In view of the discussion that the selections will generate, we invite readers to offer their views about particular authors on the SD Literary Map Web Site. Present your own favorite South Dakota authors. Add to the database with more information. Suggest ideas for the study/teaching of the works cited.With your input this website can continue to grow into a rich resource for South Dakota's readers of all ages.
~The authors on this map have significant ties to South Dakota. They were either born here, educated here, or have somehow formed an attachment to our state that enabled them to reflect something significant about the "South Dakota identity."
~The works cited are currently available to students and teachers. They can be located in bookstores or in libraries-available to the general public-not just in special, scholarly collections.
~Therefore, in an effort to explain or defend the absence of certain works or authors, we suggest---
The author's ties to South Dakota were not sufficiently significant.
The works are not readily available to the average reader.
The works are valuable to someone other than the K-12 student of literature.
~The works cited provide something useful to the K-12 teacher/student of literature. Teachers, however, should be aware that many of these titles were written for adult audiences and will not be appropriate for elementary and middle school students. Space prevents a complete listing of titles by these authors. Readers should also explore the many other books reflecting South Dakota's history, biography, natural science and geography.

Procedure of Map Development

Researchers compiled a working list from available resources. This working list was submitted to scholar-advisers for perusal and comment. Based upon their feedback, data was divided into three categories:
~Names that would appear on both front and back of the map .
~Data that would appear only on the reverse side of the map.
~Data that would appear only on the website.

Authors on the Map / Especially for Young Readers / Journalists / Memoirs and Human Interest / Poets and Playwrights / Visitors with Insight / More Authors on the Web Site Only / Bibliographers and Other Links / Explore Your Region /Reader Comments Lesson Plans / More about the SD Literary Map / Home
The South Dakota Literary Map and this accompanying website were produced for the South Dakota Council of Teachers of English. This project is funded by a grant from the South Dakota Humanities Council, an affiliate of the National Endowment for the Humanities, and a gift from the Karl E. Mundt Foundation.

Last update May, 2002 by Donna Fisher,

Copyright by South Dakota Council of Teachers of English, 1998

SD Literary Map printed by Fenske Companies, Rapid City, SD